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To the east of the state of Chiapas is located the region known as the Lacandona Jungle, one of the most important ecological areas of Mexico and Mesoamerica, since it is the largest and best preserved jungle massif in the region. It is the center of the highest biological diversity in the tropics, not only in Mexico but in North America.
Since 2008, UANL collaborates in the Conservation and Sustainable Development program of the Lacandon Jungle, through a collaboration agreement with Natura y Ecosistemas Mexicanos, A.C. (NATURA), a civil non-profit organization, made up of renowned specialists in the field of the study and preservation of natural environments, has been working in this important ecological region for more than 25 years.
The joint efforts carried out by NATURA and the UANL, allow the protection of more than 320,000 hectares of forest where more than 29 million tons of CO2 are stored, equivalent to more than 106 million tons of CO2 equivalent and more than 60 77 million tons of oxygen.
Additionally, the Lacandon Jungle is considered a hotspot worldwide (site where a very high biodiversity is concentrated), where 28.4% of the mammal species of the country, 31.8% of the birds, 11.7% of the reptiles, 8.8 live. % of amphibians and 14.4% of the species of freshwater fish hitherto known, so that conservation actions carried out by NATURA and UANL, make it possible to protect thousands of plant and animal species that inhabit this Important natural environment.
Tropical forests (jungles) that have a high degree of conservation, are considered as “water factories”, which gives them a strategic importance to ensure the survival of living beings on Earth. The Lacandon Jungle is located in the Usumacinta-Grijalva Basin, which is considered the largest hydrological region in Mexico (11,500,700 ha) and the seventh largest in the world, with an average annual runoff of 85 billion m3, which represents 30% of surface hydrological resources throughout the country, which makes it the largest “water factory” in Mexico.
The Lacandona Jungle conservation and sustainable development program is considered a program of strategic importance, because it contributes significantly to reducing the effects caused by climate change, not only at the national level, but also planetary.