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University campuses are physical spaces where a large number of people come together daily from different points, generating specific mobility needs. One of them is the entry and parking of vehicles, individuals or public transport, in addition to the large number of pedestrians that move within university spaces.
At present, they enter the campus of the University City of the Autonomous University of Nuevo León (UANL), located in the municipality of San Nicolás de los Garza, within the Metropolitan Area of Monterrey more than 80,000 people, of which 92% they are students and the remaining 8% corresponds to academics and administrators.
Of the total of academics and administrators working in Ciudad Universitaria, 2% move using non-motorized means, 19% use public transport and 79% do so using their own car.
In the case of students, 2% travel to University City by non-motorized means 72% using public transport and 26% using their own car.
The segment of the university population that moves to Ciudad Universitaria through the collective transport system, does so primarily using the Metrorrey System (13%) and urban bus lines (47%) and a small group uses rental cars ( two%).
In this context, the operation of the CONECTA UANL project began in July 2017, which aims to promote sustainable mobility on the University City campus to ensure road safety, especially in the case of pedestrians and cyclists, reduce the times of transfer and promoting the creation of public spaces that favor the coexistence between the university students, the accomplishment of cultural activities and the recreation; all of this, through the construction of more than 12,000 m2 of new universal pedestrian areas, the operation of a 3.2-kilometer cycle path, accompanied by a public bicycle program, a multimodal integral mobility system, the ordering of concessioned public transport and improvements in the management of parking lots that the campus has and the planting of more than 1,100 trees in areas of common use.
CONECTA UANL is not only a project, it is an institutional platform that proposes a paradigm shift in university policy in terms of mobility, which promotes the transformation of the current model, which allows humanizing and improving the quality of university spaces.
Additionally, it is intended that the new model of university sustainable mobility, can be replicated in different points of the Monterrey metropolitan area (AMM), in order to reduce the externalities or negative costs generated to society by the use of cars, such as: economic losses due to congestion, health costs, accidents and environmental damage, which in the not too distant future will allow us to move towards the construction of a more humane city with a better quality of life for its inhabitants, endorsing the commitment of the UANL as an agent of social change.