For centuries, universities have been considered among the largest social agents of change in the world. However, the social changes provoked by the Higher Education Institutions have not always been positive.
Such is the case, of the vision with which graduated many university students, worldwide, during the second half of the XX century, characterized by being reductionist and in some cases hyper-specialized, promoting the idea of control of nature as a way to achieve a highly industrialized economy, causing serious damage to the environment and life on the planet.
Because of that, during the last three decades, the number of Higher Education Institutions that have incorporated and institutionalized sustainable development as a structural component in the training of new professionals has increased, but in spite of this, the theme remains Considered an innovative idea for most of the universities in the world, avoiding that this concept permeates in all disciplines, university activities or across the curriculum.
In order to determine the progress made by the Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León (UANL) in the incorporation of the Sustainable Development concept into the university courses currently offered, the Secretariat for Research, Innovation and Sustainability, through the Directorate of Development of Projects, made the curricular diagnosis of 76 degrees that are taught in its 26 Faculties, focused on systematizing and analyzing the presence of content related to sustainability in all its aspects and its impact on the training of university students, using public information available through consultation in printed and / or electronic media, or directly consulting the heads of school departments of some Faculties.
In total 6,471 Learning Units (courses) of 76 degrees that were reviewed, obtaining the following preliminary results:
Of the total number of courses that were analyzed, 3,052 (47%) were related to issues related to Sustainable Development, according to the following relation:
- Environmental 1,115
- Social 1329
- Economic 608
The degrees with the lowest percentage of content related to sustainable development (DS) were those of the performing arts and music. In contrast, the degrees in the administrative areas and the biological and chemical sciences had high percentages of contents linked to the DS. On average, the degrees offered at UANL contain a percentage of 48.88% of subjects related to DS, which demonstrates the interest that different faculties have to incorporate the greater number of Learning Units linked to the theme of sustainable development, In each of the 76 degrees they currently teach to more than 102,000 undergraduate students, in order to incorporate a long-term sustainable vision into their professional training.