Mobility is a practice that involves the movement of people from one place to another, either through their own means of locomotion or using some form of transportation. So that this activity is an unavoidable necessity of any human society but it must be exercised with responsibility, because it involves consumption of natural resources on a large scale and the generation of pollutants into the atmosphere from those motor vehicles.
Sustainable mobility implements strategies to minimize traffic jams and pollution, providing better options for mobility and access through comprehensive strategic planning that encourages the use of alternative means of transportation such as; public transportation, travel on foot, all of this aimed to achieve the lowest possible cost and the reduction of social, economic and environmental impacts.
College campuses are physical spaces in where people gather from all the city each one of them having different transport needs, for example parking vehicles which can be public or private in addition to the large number of pedestrians moving within university spaces. These situations have led universities to plan and take action to improve its transportation system within the campus, so that the travel needs of the university community are addressed while the use of motor vehicles is reduced.
Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo Leon has implements strategies to reduce the use of vehicles on its campuses, among which are the following:
- Pedestrian areas
- “Tigre Bus” service
- Vehicle Park
- Campus Security
A strategy of sustainable mobility has been strengthened in recent years is the construction of pedestrian areas with the aim of encouraging university community to move between the various Colleges and Schools without using vehicles and at the same time decreasing traffic jams at the rush hour traffic.
On Ciudad Universitaria Campus, the most distant journey between university buildings is 2 kilometers, which on average are crossed on foot in about 25 minutes, a reasonable time.
Ciudad Universitaria has 2.15 kilometers of pedestrian areas distributed where most student mobility is present. Tree planting has been an essential part for several years which allows students to enjoy of shaded spaces.
It started its operations in 2008 and currently has 10 transport units distributed among four campuses of the MMA, Ciudad Universitaria, Mederos Campus, Health and Agricultural Sciences Campus. Our vehicles providing transit service to more than 2,138,000 students per year make each day 220 trips.
This service operates Monday to Friday on a schedule from 6:30 to 21:40, which ensures the safe and comfortable movement of students within the campus and to the bus stop.
Within four campuses, the service moves through circuits that on average are 2 km, which have established stops strategically set at the areas of greatest confluence of students, besides that, Tigre Bus connects students with the different public bus stop such as Ecovía and Metrorrey. Ecovía consists of buses in exclusive lanes within a circuit of 30 km that crosses the city from east to west through 39 intermediate stations, passing through the municipalities of Monterrey, San Nicolas de los Garza, and Guadalupe, saving up to 50 percent commute times users. On the other hand, the Public Transport System Metrorrey, has an area of 33 km and through its 32 stations communicates from north to south and from east to west to the municipalities of Monterrey, San Nicolas de los Garza, and Guadalupe. It performs total operations using electricity generated by alternative sources, using the methane produces in the landfill of the city and at the same time avoiding the production of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.
The metropolitan area of Monterrey lacks adequate road infrastructure that allows the use of bicycles as means of transport safely alongside weather conditions that are not good for the same purpose. The School of Biological Sciences in Ciudad Universitaria is working on a pilot program of student mobility that promotes the use of bicycles. The project is called “Biobici” and it began operations in August 2016 with a total of 70 bicycles, which are used to move teachers and students within the School avoiding the use of motor vehicles. Some of the requirements to access the program it is to attend a workshop to learn the proper use of bicycles, in addition to register. This service is only available within Ciudad Universitaria.
Linares and Sabinas Hidalgo could present good conditions for the use of bicycles as means of personal transport and it is estimated that a daily average of 150 students are transported by this means to these campuses.
Fleet of Vehicles
UANL has the need for the use vehicles for institutional purposes, to move around campuses, academic, administrative staff and students.
UANL has 626 vehicles distributed among 56 central departments and 26 Schools, which are periodically subjected to mechanical overhaul in order to work in optimal conditions.
The number of motor vehicles used by university community members to transit within campuses is of 8,600, which is considered low considering that daily come together more than 190,000 people in all campuses.
Moreover, it is estimated that circulate daily around 50 private motorcycles on college campuses, especially those that are located in rural areas.
One fundamental condition to facilitate mobility within Ciudad Universitaria and other campuses is having security presence. The UANL through the Department of University Safety and Security has established strategies to provide proper conditions for transit and mobility within the university.
All facilities and university buildings have security service and 24-hour surveillance, 100% of pedestrian areas, streets and avenues are lit. 90% of university facilities are equipped with surveillance cameras and in some other common areas have been installed emergency towers that could serve immediate attention in an emergency. An additional security strategy implemented in favor of mobility, was set guards at crosswalks allowing pedestrians to transit safely.
Within the university campus, road safety culture is promoted. Drivers crossing a crosswalk must yield to pedestrians and bicycles, however there is surveillance staff that assists pedestrians crossing streets and avenues, in addition to monitoring that vehicles respect the traffic signals and speed limit established (30km). In case of accidents, University Civil Protection will be the first responders.