At the end of the 19th century, the first signs of major changes in global climatic conditions were recorded, but it was until the 50s of the last century, during the post-war era, that different countries and international organizations decided to unite to determine the causes and effects of climate change. The first attempt to establish lines of action to combat climate change was made in February 1979 in Genoa, Switzerland, when the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) promoted the realization of the first World Climate conference in which specialists on environmental issues They expressed concern about the climatic conditions of the time and the projected outlook for the following years because of the increase in global temperature, mainly due to anthropogenic causes.
In 1988, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) created the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) with the intention of having a scientific group that will generate the information required for the preparation of public policies aimed at mitigating the effects of climate change.
In 1992, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was adopted and entered into force on March 21, 1994, with the aim of defining a work program aimed at reducing global warming, allowed the emergence of the Kyoto Protocol in December 1997 and which entered into force on February 16, 2005, which states that 37 industrialized countries, including Mexico, and the European community are committed to reducing their greenhouse gas emissions by setting targets and reduction fees to be met in the medium term.
In 2007, the Mexican government established the basis for developing the National Climate Change Strategy, which is the guiding instrument of national policy in the medium and long term to face the effects of climate change and move towards a competitive, sustainable and sustainable economy. of low carbon emissions, establishing as a first step the elaboration and decree of the General Law of Climate Change (LGCC) that entered into force in October 2012 and that forced the elaboration and implementation of the National Climate Change Strategy, Vision 10 -20- 40, which was announced in 2013 and is the guide of the actions that must be taken to combat this phenomenon in the next 40 years, which is based on solid scientific bases and establishes objectives that go beyond the reduction of gases from greenhouse effect, with the firm purpose of charting a long-term route to improve the health and quality of the population’s vines, in addition to turning Mexico into a society with greater resilience.
In this context, the Autonomous University of Nuevo León has adopted an institutional policy since 2010 to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and compounds that generates the performance of its daily activities, in compliance with its substantive goals, promoting conservation and sustainable use of natural capital that is under their protection, take advantage of the enormous potential to develop clean energy, correct inefficiencies in the use of energy, promote sustainable territorial development, without these actions affecting their competitiveness and the fulfillment of their social responsibility It aims to respond to the needs of its environment in a responsible, timely and effective manner and with a strong ethical sense.
Some of the programs that derive from the application of said policy are the promotion of a climatic culture in the university community and its social environment, the implementation of Measuring, Reporting and Verification mechanisms, as well as Monitoring and Evaluation actions, in addition to conserving, and in cases where it is possible to expand, the green areas on the university campuses, so that the activities of the university community are carried out in a sustainable environment, considering international standards such as that provided by the World Health Organization; In addition, to promote the observance of the current regulatory framework regarding environmental care.