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Mobility is a practice that involves moving people from one place to another, either through their own means of locomotion or using some type of transportation. Thus, this activity represents a need of the population, but it is also a right that must be exercised with responsibility, because millions of displacements in urban areas worldwide occur daily, which involves the consumption of Large-scale natural resources and the generation of pollutants into the atmosphere.

At present, in urban environments the traffic of motor vehicles that use fossil fuels is the main source of pollution, especially of pollutants such as nitrogen oxides and solid particles, in addition to being the main source of noise.

On the other hand, sustainable mobility is a model of healthy mobility with low carbon consumption, which has as a priority to raise the quality of urban life and collective well-being, in addition to creating comfortable public spaces that favor citizen coexistence.

University campuses are physical spaces where a large number of people come together daily from different points, generating specific mobility needs. One of them is the entry and parking of vehicles, individuals or public transport, in addition to the large number of pedestrians that move within university spaces. These situations have led to universities taking action to plan and improve their transportation system within campuses, so that the displacement needs of the university community are met, while reducing the use of motor vehicles.

In this context, the UANL has a Sustainable Mobility Master Plan through which its mobility and transportation policies and strategies have been redefined within its campuses, with the aim of ensuring that the members of the university community move towards campus and within these under a sustainable mobility scheme. Among the strategies that UANL has implemented to promote sustainable mobility are the following:

 

  • Implementation of the CONECTA – UANL program.
  • Improve accessibility and comfort of sidewalks and pedestrian spaces.

  • Promote connectivity between university campuses and population centers, through the use of collective transport.

  • Operate the free university public transport system Tigrebus.

  • Operation of cycle tracks in the University Campus.

  • To discourage the use of private vehicles.

Pedestrian walkers

A strategy of sustainable mobility that has been strengthened in recent years is the construction of shaded pedestrian walkers within the University City campus, with the aim of encouraging the university community to move between the different units and faculties without using vehicles, reducing congestion problems during peak hours. Currently there are 2.75 kilometers of shaded pedestrian walkers on the campus of Ciudad Universitaria, which are located in the areas where the greatest mobility is presented, and additionally, the arborization of the green areas located inside the campus, allows to have large shaded spaces for pedestrian walkers that are associated with these types of spaces.

 

Tigre Bus

The Tigre Bus transport system, started its operation in 2008 and currently has 14 transport units distributed among the four campuses of the Monterrey Metropolitan Area (University City, Mederos, Health Sciences and Agricultural Sciences) which perform around 574 daily trips, transporting an average of 40 students per route, which allows to provide a free transportation service to more than 5,510,400 students annually.

The service provides care from Monday to Friday, from 6:15 a.m. to 9:00 p.m., which ensures the safe and comfortable movement of students within the campus and to the public transport stops located in areas near University campuses.

Within the university campuses, the Tigre Bus performs intramural tours through circuits that measure 2 km on average, which have signposted stops, established in strategic places of high confluence of students. Additionally, the Tigres Bus allows students to be connected to the various public transport stops, both buses and the state public transport systems known as Ecovía and Metrorrey.

The Ecovía is made up of buses that run on exclusive lanes within a 30 km circuit that runs through the city from east to west through 39 intermediate stations, passing through the municipalities of Monterrey, San Nicolás de los Garza and Guadalupe, achieving reduce user transfer times by up to 50 percent. On the other hand, the Metrorrey Collective Transportation System, has an extension of 33 km and through its 32 stations communicates from north to south and from east to west to the municipalities of Monterrey, Escobedo, San Nicolás and Guadalupe, and carry out the total of its operations using electrical energy generated by alternative sources, using methane produced in the city’s landfill, avoiding the production of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.

Since 2016, the Tigre Bus has extended its coverage and benefits by providing interconnection service between campuses, connecting Ciudad Universitaria (municipality of San Nicolás) with: the Mederos campus (municipality of Monterrey, Nuevo León), the Science campus de la Salud (municipality of Monterrey, Nuevo León) and the Agricultural Sciences campus (municipality of General Escobedo, Nuevo León) at different times and established routes, in response to and support for the mobility demand of its students.

With this free collective transport program for university students, UANL shows its commitment to sustainability because it reduces travel times and costs, protects the environment and makes proper use of energy and urban space.

Economic benefits derived from the operation of university collective transport

The operation of the free university public transport service discourages the use of private cars on university campuses, contributing to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to the atmosphere, but additionally represents economic benefits for students over 38 million of pesos per year.

 

Vehicle fleet

Due to its size, and the number of campuses that make it up, UANL has an institutional vehicle park that allows students to travel between academic, administrative and student staff.

Currently, the UANL institutional vehicle fleet is made up of 493 vehicles distributed in 56 central units and 26 faculties, which are periodically subject to mechanical inspection in order to operate in optimal conditions. An important achievement of these review processes is to put out of circulation those vehicles that due to their characteristics and age are no longer viable for institutional use and could represent important sources of pollution, due to the previous date they have been discharged 99 vehicles of the existing vehicle fleet, representing a reduction of 18% with respect to the total register of the previous year.

Within the institutional efforts that UANL makes to reduce CO2 emissions on the campus of Ciudad Universitaria, product of the use of motor vehicles, the purchase of electric vehicles that are used in security and surveillance work was carried out, replacing the vehicles of internal combustion that was previously used for this same purpose.

Currently the vehicle fleet that travels daily in the different fields of the UANL is approximately 6,302 vehicles, which is considered low, taking into account that more than 200,000 people study and work on the different university campuses every day.

One form of mobility that some university students use to move to university campuses or to move within them is through low-emission automotive vehicles such as motorcycles or in vehicles driven by human traction such as bicycles. There are currently around 240 motorcycles and more than 320 bicycles on the campus of Ciudad Universitaria.

Campus Security

A fundamental condition to facilitate the mobility of the university community towards and within the campus is the existence of security conditions, in this sense the UANL, through the Directorate of University Protection and Prevention (DPyPU), established various strategies that allow to guarantee conditions of convincing and mobility within university spaces and its surroundings, such as those mentioned below:

All university facilities and buildings have 24-hour security and surveillance service, 100% of pedestrian corridors, streets and avenues have artificial lighting, in 100% of university facilities there are surveillance cameras and in order to increase safety margins, especially in areas of pedestrian mobility, emergency towers have been installed that provide immediate service in case of emergency; An additional security strategy implemented by the DPyPU in favor of mobility, was to establish guards on the various pedestrian bridges that connect with access to university facilities, allowing pedestrians to travel safely.

Within the university campuses the culture prevails that the right of way in the first place is the pedestrian, followed by non-motorized vehicles (bicycles) and thirdly the motor vehicles; however, there are surveillance personnel who provide assistance to pedestrians who cross streets and avenues in areas that have speed reduction systems (stops and buoys), in addition to monitoring that vehicles respect traffic signals and speed limits established (30 km/h). In case of accident or incident situations, both of people and vehicles, there are first response units, called University Civil Protection.